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Ennever & Enever family history & ancestry. Click here to return to the home page WJ Ennever (1869-1947). From the portrait by J Seymour R.A., exhibited in the Royal Academy.

Criminals and law-breakers in the Ennever and related families

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It would be hard to find an extended family that has not had its brushes with the law and the Ennever and its related families are no exception.  The Ennevers can claim links to the Kray twins, by marriage, and these are shown below as George Ince and the Krays while some of the more notable Ennever criminals such as Joseph Ennever and his family are recorded on the "Histories" page.  A complete list of law-breakers, as far as I know, is shown below:

Name Details
Charles Brain
In 1855, Charles Brain, noted as having cut on the forehead, marks on neck, arms and body was charged with feloniously assaulting and wounding one William Dean with intent to harm at Hartpury on 24th June 1854. Found guilty of unlawfully wounding he was sentenced to one calendar month hard labour in the penitentiary. He was recorded as a native of Hartpury, married with 6 children and had been working for W J Charlton a contractor.  See also Samuel, his brother, below.
Samuel Brain
In 1861 Samuel was sentenced to Gloucester Prison for the crime of "Family Desertion". The Prison Record describes him as aged 32yrs, 5ft 3 3/4 ins, brown hair, hazel eyes and an oval & pale visage. He had burn scars on both breasts and his conduct was described as orderly.  He can be found in the prison in the 1861 census.  See also his brother, above.
Edward Eagar
In 1804 Eagar was apprenticed to a solicitor and subsequently admitted as a solicitor and attorney in Dublin, but in 1809 he was sentenced to death at the Cork Summer Assizes for uttering a forged Bill of Exchange.  Possibly as a result of family influence or his spectacular death-cell conversion to christianity his sentence was commuted to transportation for life.  He arrived in Sydney on board the Providence in July 1811.   Click here for Edward Eagar's life story.
Geordie Egdell
A colourful story, complete with gunshots, sword attacks (neither of which met their targets, fortunately), people jumping out of windows, false imprisonment and finally a confession from Geordie Egdell whose court case led to the passing of two Commonwealth Acts in Britain. There are secret affairs, corruption, army desertion and a number of other interesting features.
Source: Journal of the Aln & Breamish Local History Society Courtesy of Hayley Thrupp (www.alnandbreamishlhs.org.uk/uploads/March102.pdf)
Augustus William Enever
Augustus William Enever will not be seen as a criminal in today's world but he would have been in the Victorian era, becoming insolvent or bankrupt on two occasions, in 1852 and 1855.  See also his son, Frederick Francis Enever, and his nephew, Edwin Alexander Enever, below.

Prior to 1883, the personal insolvency law of England and Wales was contained in a variety of Acts and in common law. Insolvency was largely regarded as a criminal (or quasi-criminal) offence and remedies available to creditors included the seizure of a debtor’s goods or his arrest and imprisonment. Fraudulent traders who became bankrupt even faced the death penalty until well into the 18th century. Moreover, the bankruptcy laws as they stood only applied to traders. Non-traders who fell into debt faced prison if they did not have sufficient assets to satisfy their creditors. It was not until 1861 that both traders and non-traders came under the same system and only in 1869 were the powers of courts to imprison debtors reduced.  Source: The Insolvency Service
Edwin Alexander Enever
Edwin was born in India in 1872, coming to England in about 1910 with his second wife and their two daughters.  In 1913 he was fined £10 for not complying with the Companies Act and during the 1910s and 1920s was involved in a number of alleged attempts to defraud investors.  In 1923 he was sentenced to three years penal servitude for his leading role to defraud investors in connection with mining concessions in China. See also Augustus William Enever, for information about the criminal nature of insolvency in the Victorian era, and Frederick Francis Enever.
Frederick Francis Enever
Frederick was the son of Augustus William Enever, above, and like his father was insolvent on two occasions in 1869 and 1873.  See also Augustus William Enever, for information about the criminal nature of insolvency in the Victorian era, and Edwin Alexander Enever.
Joseph Enever
Joseph, or Joe, Enever was charged with stealing a horse and was sentenced to transportation to New South Wales where he arrived in February 1838.  No further trace has been found of him although there was a death in New South Wales in 1840 of a Sarah Enever, who was probably his wife. It is not known if Joseph and Sarah have any living descendants.
Robert Ponder Enever (Robert Ponder Ennever)
Robert was a grocer in Rainham, Essex and in 1849 in Orsett he was found guilty of having 'unjust' scales in his shop. Although he was found to have been neglectful rather than fraudulent he was fined 10/- and his scales were forfeited.
Thomas James Enever
Thomas, known as Tommy, was convicted of possession of forged money in Jersey in 1971 and jailed for six years on charges arising out of gang warfare in the East End of London and was later freed on appeal.
William Enever
William Enever was arrested in Hobart in 1904 for fighting in a bar but was found not guilty as he had been attempting to stop the fight and the jury awarded him £25.  This was contested by the authorities and William vigorously pursued a claim for wrongful arrest and sued the Crown in the Local Courts.  The resulting decision that 'the constable, in making the arrest, was not acting as an officer, agent or servant of the Government of Tasmania so as to make the Crown responsible for his action.'  In 1906, a further attempt to receive compensation of £50 was also refused him.

The principle of the responsibility of the Government in such cases became a legal precedent and was known as 'The Enever Principle' (see here for full details).
William Charles Vaughan Hamilton Enever Bristow aka Charles Enever Bristow
In 1897 William Charles Vaughan Hamilton Enever Bristow (also known as Charles Enever Bristow and William Charles Enever-Bristow) was sent to prison for one month for stealing silver-mounted smelling bottles from his employer, The Junior Army and Navy Stores.
Carrie Ennever
The New York census of 1910 records Carrie Ennever, aged 18, as being in the New York State Reformatory for Women although nothing is yet known of her misdemeanour.
Elizabeth Ennever
An Elizabeth Ennever was imprisoned for 4 months at the Colchester Quarter Sessions on the 3rd July 1866 for "Unlawfully Uttering False Coin".  Currently it is not known who this is, as no age is given and it seems probable this is Elizabeth's married name.
Henry Ennever
The News of the World reported in August 1896 that Henry Ennever had been remanded for a week for assaulting his wife, Rebecca nee Peare, a situation that had occurred on several other occasions. Follow the link to Henry to see this particular newspaper story.  Rebecca's death occurred in suspicious circumstances two years later, her death certificate recording that she had died "from falling down the stairs when under the influence of drink".
Joseph Ennever,
George Ennever & Sarah Hibbitt (aka Sarah Morris)
Joseph was found guilty of uttering (spending) forged bank notes and hanged at Ilchester in 1807.  This story is told in superb detail by Patricia Hill on her web site. Joseph was one of a number of the family with criminal connections and convictions, principally for forgery.  These included his elder brother George, who was transported to Australia and a younger brother William and his wife, Elizabeth (nee Wade). 

George Ennever
assumed the name George Ennever Morris to avoid detection in England and continued to use this alias in his successful new life in Australia, the subject of a book by a descendant of his, Kevin Lewis Smith.  George's story, based on Kevin's book, is told here. Another surprising story exists in that a Sarah Ennever, alias Morris, almost certainly George's mother was indicted for passing a forged £2 bank note in London on 25th August 1809.  You can read this story here.

It also appears that William and Elizabeth's son, William James Ennever, may also have had criminal connections although he was acquitted of a charge of theft in 1884.  See below.
Nabro Rensley Ennever
It is believed that Nabro's wife, Jesse Bell (or Jessiebell), told him that she wished to leave him for another man and that he then shot and killed her and then turned the gun on himself.
William Ennever & Elizabeth Wade
William, Joseph & George's brother, can be found in Millbank Prison in the 1851 census while his wife Elizabeth is found at The House of Correction, St Margaret, Westminster.  Elizabeth was convicted of theft and sentenced to six months in the House of Correction and William was later also convicted of the same crime and was initially sentenced to be transported to Australia.  This was later commuted to a seven year prison term in Dartmoor.
William James Ennever
William James Ennever was the eldest son of William Ennever & Elizabeth (nee) Wade above and it appears he was accused of theft in a trial at the Old Bailey on 25th February 1884.  I cannot be certain this is the correct William but he was a carman and was living in the area a few years earlier.  Perhaps because of his family's criminal connections I have wrongly accused him but he matches the information we have available from the trial documents and there is no better matching William Ennever alive at the time.
George Henry Ince
George Henry Ince, from "Can You Positively Identify This Man?" by Peter Cole & Peter Pringle
George Henry Ince, from 'Can You Positively Identify This Man?' by Peter Cole & Peter Pringle
George Ince is the grandson of Jane Elizabeth Ennever (also known as Jane Elizabeth Hannaway).  He was born in East London in the pre-war years at the same time and in the same area as the notorious Kray twins and was later to marry Charlie Kray's ex-wife.

George was in trouble with the police from an early age and went on to become "one of the most controversial prisoners in Britain".  Read the full story here of his unjust arrest for murder, his conviction for a bullion robbery and his marriage to the ex-wife of Charles Kray, elder brother of the notorious Kray twins.  See also the Kray brothers and Norman & Joseph Jones, below.
Norman Jones & Joseph Norman Jones
Norman & Joseph Jones are Charlie Kray's ex son-in-law and grandson and were jailed for life in May 2009 for torturing, killing and beheading a man they claimed had stolen drugs belonging to them.

Further information about the "headless corpse" murder can be found in newspaper archives, the BBC website and other online sources.

Norman Jones is the son of Nancy Kray, also known as Nancy Grey, who married George Henry Ince in 1977 after her divorce from Charlie Kray.  There has been speculation that Nancy was in fact the daughter of George Ince and at least one authoritative website indicates that Charlie, himself, accepted that she was not his "flesh and blood" although I understand that she is indeed Charlie's natural daughter. See also the Krays and George Ince, above.
Edward 'Ned' Kelly
Ned Kelly the day before his execution
 Ned Kelly the day before his execution
Edward "Ned" Kelly was an Irish-Australian bushranger, considered by some merely a cold-blooded killer, while by others a folk hero and symbol of Irish-Australian resistance against oppression by the British ruling class, for his defiance of the colonial authorities. Kelly was born in Victoria to an Irish convict father, and as a young man he clashed with the Victoria Police. Following an incident at his home in 1878, police parties searched for him in the bush. After he killed three policemen, the colony proclaimed Kelly and his gang wanted outlaws.

A final violent confrontation with police took place at Glenrowan on 28 June 1880. Kelly, dressed in home-made plate metal armour and helmet, was captured and sent to jail. He was hanged for murder at Old Melbourne Gaol in November 1880. His daring and notoriety made him an iconic figure in Australian history, folklore, literature, art and film. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ned_Kelly

Daisy Patricia Coleman, daughter of Mary (Polly) Enever, married Patrick James Tanner the son of Ned's cousin, Mary Ann Lloyd, who married William Tanner. The Tanners and Lloyds were among Ned's strongest suporters and sympathisers. It is a fascinating piece of Australia's history. William Tanner, Patrick's father, and Tom Lloyd, Patrick's great uncle, were convicted for assaulting police.

John Hunter Kirkpatrick
John Hunter Kirkpatrick, who was known as Hunter, was the brother of Herwald Gordon Kirkpatrick, a well-known Australian architect who died in London.  Hunter was also an architect and was charged with two counts of theft in 1954 and was removed from the Roll of Artchitects until 1959 when he was reinstated.
Ronald Kray, Reginald Kray & Charles James Kray
Ronald & Reginald Kray, photographed by David Bailey.
Ronald & Reginald Kray, photographed by David Bailey.
Reginald "Reggie" Kray and Ronald "Ronnie" Kray were twin brothers, and the foremost organised crime leaders dominating London's East End during the 1950s and 1960s. Ronald, commonly referred to as Ron or Ronnie, suffered from paranoid schizophrenia.  The Krays were involved in armed robberies, arson, protection rackets, violent assaults including torture and the murders of Jack "The Hat" McVitie and George Cornell. As West End nightclub owners they mixed with well-known names such as Diana Dors, Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland as well as politicans. This gave them a perceived respectability and in the 1960s they became celebrities in their own right, being photographed by the likes of David Bailey and appearing in interviews on television.



Charles "Charlie" James Kray was their elder brother and was characterised both as "the brains behind the operation" and "as the quiet one of the trio".  "He reaped some benefits from being their brother but he also paid a very, very heavy price."  See also George Henry Ince and Norman & Joseph Jones, above.
John Persia Layzell John was charged with forging and uttering an order for payment of money in Victoria, Australia in 1900.
George Lipscomb
George Lipscomb was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment in 1861 for embezzlement at the Aylesbury Assizes.  No further details are currently known.
Basil Ranaldson Lawson
Basil was the grandson of Basil Ranaldson Lawson (1807-1892), a vicar, and can be found in Wormwood Scrubs in 1901 although no details are currently known of his crime.  After his release he and his brother, Stephen Oldacres Lawson, emigrated to Canada where Stephen was later killed by "rumrunners".  This story is available here.
Arthur Daniel Morris
Arthur was found guilty of bigamy in Sydney, Australia in September 1934 having deserted his wife and family in New Zealand and married again in unusual circumstances in Ryde, New South Wales.  It was reported that Arthur and his second wife did not live together after the marriage.
Aaron Oakley


May Oakley
Aaron can be found in Essex County Gaol in 1851.  He was indicted on 31st December 1850 at the General Quarter Sessions, Chelmsford, Essex for "Larceny and receiving stolen Goods" and sentenced to six months hard labour.

Aaron's uncle, May Oakley, had previously been indicted on the 23rd February 1836 for "breaking into a shop and stealing therein" and sentenced to three months hard labour in the Gaol at Springfield.  Almost immediately on his release, on the 17th May 1836, he was indicted again for Larceny and sentenced "to be Transported beyond the Seas for the term of Seven Years to such place as His Majesty with the advice of His privy Council shall think fit to declare and appoint". 

May was transported on the convict ship "Prince George" departing from Torbay and arriving in NSW on 8th May 1837.  He died en route or on arrival in Australia.
Selwyn John Pembroke
Selwyn Pembroke committed suicide in 1891 by shooting himself, somewhat ironically in the township of Gunning, New South Wales.  Newspaper reports of the time stating that he had embezzled about £800.
Alfred Patrick Taylor
Alfred married Audrey Annette Maynard Verity in 1925 and she divorced him in 1936 as he had 'undergone frequent convictions for crime' and had been in prison for a total of three years and also for non-support.
Arthur Orton aka Sir Roger Charles Doughty Tichborne
Tichborne claimant (d. 1898), by Maull & Co, early 1870s Copyright ODNB
Tichborne claimant (d. 1898), by Maull & Co, early 1870s Copyright ODNB
This story concerns Roger Tichborne, the son of a wealthy Hampshire family, disappointed in love who is then lost at sea, and a man who, more than a decade later, appears from the Australian outback claiming to be the missing heir.  The civil and criminal trials which followed held the record as the longest court case in British legal history until the mid 1990s, and the archive contains photographs of almost everyone involved: - the extended Tichborne family and the Tichborne Claimant, the legal teams on both sides; the witnesses; judges and jurors; and even the court ushers and the boy who sold the newspapers in the street outside.

In an age when forensic science was in its infancy, passports were not always required, and very few people owned any form of personal documentation, the case hinged on the difficulty of proving identity in a court of law. The country was divided, with the Establishment opposing the Claimant but many ordinary people supporting a man who they regarded as being deprived of his rightful inheritance; at one point it was feared that the case might even cause a revolution or civil war.

The Claimant went on to 'marry' Lily Enever, a stage hall artiste.  You can read the full story of this mystery which fascinated Victorian Britain and more about the family connection here.

Mary Agnes Teresa Tichborne aka Theresa Alexander
Mary is the daughter of Arthur Orton (above) and was the only family member to continue the fight to be recognised as a Tichborne descedant. The means she chose, however, got her in trouble with the law and she was convicted twice for threatening behaviour towards the Tichborne family and its representatives and she was sent to prison for 6 months and 12 months in 1913 and 1923. Further details of her crimes can be found here.
Thomas Tadman & Thomas Tadman
Father & son, the Thomas Tadmans, appeared at London's Central Crimnal Court, the Old Bailey, on several occasions and it is not always entirely certain which was which as ages were not always recorded.  Their crimes were usually larceny (theft) or uttering (spending) counterfeit coins.  You can find more details of their crimes and punishments by following the links.

Thomas Tadman junior also appeared at the Old Bailey as the victim of crimes in trials held in the 1890s.
Ann Lydia Tilliduff Ann was convicted at The Old Bailey in London in 1844 for stealing sovereigns and other items from her master.
Henry Tyler
Henry can be found at "Her Majesty's pleasure" in Ipswich in 1881.  Nothing is known at the moment of his offence.
'First Fleeters'
The majority of the 'First Fleeters' were convicts being transported to the penal colony of New South Wales. They are also recognised along with the mariners as the founders of Australia. Some of the 'First Fleet' descendants have married into Ennever families and you can find more details here.

If you have any additional information about family law-breakers I would be delighted to hear from you.

Author:  Barry Ennever

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